Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Neonatal EEG and neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm infants born before 32 weeks

Abstract

Objective To assess the value of neonatal EEG for predicting non-optimal neurodevelopmental outcomes in very preterm infants, using a multimodal strategy of evaluation comprising brain imaging and clinical assessment.

Design and setting Between 2003 and 2009, we performed an observational, population-based study. Out of 2040 eligible preterm infants born before 32 weeks, 1954 were enrolled in the French regional Loire Infant Follow-Up Team (LIFT) cohort. 1744 (89%) of these completed the follow-up. Neonatal EEGs were recorded prospectively as two EEGs during the first 2 weeks of life and then one every 2 weeks up to 33 weeks.

Main outcome measures The neurodevelopmental outcome was assessed by physical examination, the Brunet–Lézine Test and/or the Age and Stages Questionnaire at 2 years of corrected age.

Results Of the 1744 infants assessed at 2 years, 422 had a non-optimal outcome. A total of 4804 EEGs were performed, and 1345 infants had at least one EEG. EEG abnormalities were predictive of non-optimal outcomes after controlling for confounding factors such as severe intracranial lesions detected by brain imaging. Transient moderate and severe abnormalities were independent predictors of non-optimal outcomes with an OR and 95% CI of 1.49 (1.08 to 2.04) and 2.38 (1.49 to 3.81), respectively. In the validation group, the predictive risk stratification tree identified severe abnormalities as a factor contributing to the prognosis of two subgroups: infants with severe cranial lesions and infants with a normal examination at discharge and without severe cranial lesions.

  • Neonatology
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Clin Neurophysiology
View Full Text

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.