Table 4

Demographic and health variables associated with high total parenting stress scores (PSI-4-SF) among parents of extremely preterm born early adolescents: n, row %, unadjusted and multivariable logistic regression

Demographic and health variablesProportion of parents reporting high Total Stress Scores
20/164* (12.2%)
OR(95% CI)P valueAOR†(95% CI)P value
  Physical Component Summary score
  (PCS-12)
45.2 (11.9 SD)/51.5 (8.7 SD)0.9(0.9 to 1.0) 0.01
  Mental Component Summary score
  (MCS-12)
37.5 (12.4 SD)/51.2 (7.4 SD)0.9(0.8 to 0.9) <0.001
Receipt of income support
 No4/67 (6.0%)1.01.0
 Yes16/97 (16.5%)3.1(1.0 to 9.8) 0.05 2.5(0.7 to 8.1)0.14
Child age‡11.6 (0.5 SD)/11.8 (0.5 SD)0.4(0.2 to 1.0) 0.06 0.4(0.1 to 1.0)0.06
School type
 Mainstream or home educated13/145 (9.0%)1.01.0
 SEN school or unit7/19 (36.8%)5.9(2.0 to 17.7) 0.001 4.1(1.1 to 15.4) 0.03
Moderate/severe neurodevelopmental disability
 No8/107 (7.5)1.01.0
 Yes12/57 (21.1)3.3(1.3 to 8.6) 0.02 1.6(0.5 to 5.1)0.43
  • Note: High Total Stress Scores (TSS) defined as PSI-4-SF scores >84th centile.17

  • Bold p value indicates a priori defined statistical significance (p<0.05).

  • *Those who returned their parent questionnaire, whose child underwent clinical child assessment and TSS was not missing or incomplete.

  • †Adjusted for all other variables associated with high total parenting stress in univariate analyses (p<0.10).

  • ‡Reported as mean (SD) among high stress parents/mean (SD) among low stress parents.