Table 2

Use of HFNC and CPAP for respiratory support following support with mechanical ventilation and/or CPAP in infants born at <32 weeks’ gestation in England and Wales (2010–2017)

YearReceived invasive ventilation or CPAP as initial mode, nSubsequently received HFNC,
n (%)
Number of days of HFNC received, median (IQR)Day of care HFNC first received, median (IQR)Number of days of both HFNC and CPAP, median (IQR)
HFNC use following initial mechanical ventilation or CPAP
 20105030792 (15.7)6 (2–14)17 (6–45)1 (1–2)
 201155561794 (32.3)8 (2–20)18 (5–40)2 (1–4)
 201257412269 (39.5)9 (3–23)14 (5–34)2 (1–4)
 201359052994 (50.7)11 (4–25)9 (3–27)2 (1–5)
 201458703494 (59.5)12 (4–28)7 (3–22)3 (1–6)
 201561363950 (64.4)14 (5–29)6 (3–19)3 (1–7)
 201662224255 (68.4)13 (5–28)5 (2–15)3 (1–7)
 201762394357 (69.8)13 (5–29)5 (2–14)3 (1–7)
All46 69923 905 (51.2)11 (4–27)7 (3–23)3 (1–6)
YearReceived invasive ventilation as initial mode, nSubsequently received CPAP,
n (%)
Number of days of CPAP received, median (IQR)Day of care CPAP first received, median (IQR)
CPAP use following initial mechanical ventilation
 201036362708 (74.5)13 (4–29)3 (2–7)
 201138962989 (76.7)14 (4–31)3 (2–6)
 201240563202 (78.9)14 (5–30)3 (2–6)
 201341753407 (81.6)11 (4–26)3 (2–6)
 201440393331 (82.5)12 (4–27)3 (2–7)
 201541863463 (82.7)11 (4–26)3 (2–7)
 201642373542 (83.6)11 (4–25)3 (2–7)
 201741623465 (83.3)11 (3–25)3 (1–7)
All32 38726 107 (80.6)12 (4–27)3 (2–7)
  • CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; HFNC, high flow nasal cannula oxygen.