BMI (kg/m^{2}) | Central SBP (mm Hg) | |||

β (95% CI) † |
p value | β (95% CI)† |
p value | |

Birthweight z-score (SD) | −0.54 (−1.58 to 0.50) | 0.305 | −0.69 (−2.49 to 1.11) | 0.448 |

∆ weight z-score from birth to term-age (SD) | 0.30 (−0.46 to 1.06) | 0.438 | 0.08 (−1.28 to 1.44) | 0.907 |

∆ weight z-score from term-age to 2.5 years (SD) | 0.18 (−0.33 to 0.69) | 0.482 | 0.19 (−0.74 to 1.12) | 0.687 |

∆ weight z-score from 2.5 to 6.0 years (SD) | 1.03 (0.31 to 1.75) | 0.006* | 1.75 (0.48 to 3.02) | 0.007‡ |

∆ weight z-score from 6 to 11 years (SD) | 0.98 (0.02 to 1.93) | 0.046 | 0.13 (−1.60 to 1.86) | 0.882 |

Adjusted

*p*values: 0.030 for BMI and 0.035 for central SBP.*+Adjusted for sex, maternal age and maternal smoking during pregnancy.

†β presents the average change in BMI and central SBP for per SD change in birthweight z-scores or in ∆ weight z-scores in different periods.

‡Correction for multiple comparisons was applied using the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure, and a false discovery rate of 0.05 was chosen.

BMI, body mass index; SBP, systolic blood pressure.