Table 2

Provider and practice characteristics

Provider and practice characteristics
(N=2570)
Family absent
(n=2328)
Family present
(n=242)
P value
Primary airway provider (n (%))*
 Paediatric resident415 (18)25 (10)0.041
 Neonatology fellow742 (32)73 (30)
 Neonatology attending173 (7)23 (10)
 Nurse practitioner/physician assistant853 (37)105 (43)
 Other (hospitalists, respiratory therapist)144 (6)16 (7)
Intubation device (n (%))†
 Direct laryngoscope1824 (78)168 (69)0.006
 Video laryngoscope501 (22)74 (31)
Intubation approach (n (%))
 Oral2147 (92)237 (98)<0.0001
 Nasal171 (8)3 (1)
 Other10 (0)2 (1)
Premedication (n (%))‡
 No sedation857 (37)84 (35)0.85
 Sedation only416 (18)41 (17)
 Sedation and paralysis1046 (45)116 (48)
  • *One encounter missing provider information.

  • †One intubation utilised a non-laryngoscopy device.

  • ‡Ten intubations utilised only a paralytic.