Table 1

Characteristics of operator and supervisor for intubations and LISA procedures

Junior grade (SHOs and ANNPs)Senior grade (Registrars and Consultants)
Intubation attempts52% (12)48% (13)
Prior experienceNo experience—17% (2)
1–2 procedures—17% (2)
3–5 procedures—17% (2)
6–10 procedures—17% (2)
>10 procedures—33% (4)
No experience—8% (1)
1–2 procedures—8% (1)
3–5 procedures—0
6–10 procedures—15% (2)
>10 procedures—69% (9)
Direct supervisor gradeNo supervisors—0
Registrars—58% (7)
Consultants—42% (5)
No supervisors—8% (1)
Registrars—38% (5)
Consultants—54% (7)
Advice offered during procedure75% (9)46% (6)
Feedback offered post-procedure67% (8)38% (5)
Pre-intubation confidence*, median (range)3 (2–5)4 (3–5)
Post-intubation confidence*, median (range)4 (3–5)4 (3–5)
Operator assessed usefulness score, median (range)5 (4–5)5 (1–5)
LISA attempts56% (18)44% (14)
Prior experienceNo experience—22% (4)
1–2 procedures—45% (8)
3–5 procedures—33% (6)
6–10 procedures—0
>10 procedures—0
No experience—0
1–2 procedures—21.5% (3)
3–5 procedures—43% (6)
6–10 procedures—21.5% (3)
>10 procedures—14% (2)
Direct supervisor gradeNo supervisors—0
Registrars—83% (15)
Consultants—17% (3)
No supervisors—7% (1)
Registrars—36% (5)
Consultants—57% (8)
Advice offered during procedure94% (17)50% (7)
Feedback offered post-procedure78% (14)43% (6)
Pre-intubation confidence*, median (range)3 (1–4)4 (3–5)
Post-intubation confidence*, median (range)3 (2–5)5 (3–5)
Operator assessed usefulness score, median (range)5 (3–5)5 (3–5)
  • Data are % (n) unless otherwise specified.

  • *Confidence was scored on 1–5 Likert scale (1—lowest to 5—highest).

  • ANNP, Advanced Neonatal Nurse Practitioner; SHO, Senior House Officer.