Table 2

Between-group comparisons of selected regions of interest*

RegionMean difference FA (95% CI)P valueMean difference MD (95% CI)†P value
PLIC0.026 (0.004 to 0.048)0.023−0.051 (−0.087 to −0.014)0.007
Thalami0.008 (−0.009 to 0.024)0.354−0.061 (−0.104 to −0.017)0.007
Lentiform nuclei0.006 (−0.012 to 0.023)0.484−0.059 (−0.093 to −0.024)0.001
Midbrain0.012 (−0.005 to 0.029)0.147−0.037 (−0.070 to −0.005)0.026
Genu of corpus callosum0.033 (−0.002 to 0.068)0.062−0.020 (−0.092 to 0.053)0.575
Splenium of corpus callosum0.054 (0.021 to 0.087)0.003−0.048 (−0.104 to 0.008)0.087
  • *Adjusted for sex, birth weight and gestational age.

  • †Values reported as 10−3.

  • FA, fractional anisotropy; MD, mean diffusivity; PLIC, posterior limb of the internal capsule.