Table 4

Subgroup analysis: outcome data comparison between the two groups GA <30 weeks at birth

IFCD (n=20)Controls (n=20)P value
ICU stay, days6 (4–11)9 (5–12)0.271
HDU stay, days10 (4–38)19 (8–27)0.892
SCBU stay, days35 (20–46)49 (45–59)0.001
Total LOS, days61 (39–82)76 (68–84)0.035
Corrected gestation at discharge36+4 (35–40)38+2 (37+3–39+3)0.076
Weight gain, g/day15 (10–20)16 (14–21)0.137
Body weight at discharge1955 (1746–2380)2435 (2015–2732)0.042
Full enteral feed achievement, day9 (7–10)13 (9–18)0.003
Full suck feed achievement, day47 (37–76)72 (66–82)0.006
Maternal milk at discharge (BF/MEBM/mixed)19 (95)20 (100)0.264
Exclusive maternal milk at discharge (BF/bottle)15 (75)12 (60)0.501
Exclusive breast feeding at discharge7 (35)9 (45)0.748
Invasive ventilation duration1 (0–8)2 (0–7)0.814
Non-invasive ventilation duration15 (4–41)31 (12–45)0.372
Oxygen duration14 (1–29)48 (19–62)0.002
Discharge on home oxygen5 (25)3 (15)0.695
Intraventricular haemorrhage III-IV1 (5)1 (5)1.000
Retinopathy of prematurity6 (30)6 (30)1.000
Necrotising enterocolitis01 (5)0.487
Late onset sepsis4 (20)00.106
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 28 days10 (50)14 (70)0.333
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia at 36 weeks7 (35)9 (45)1.000
  • Continuous variables expressed as median (IQR). Categorical variables expressed as n (%). P value of the Student t test or Mann-Whitney test. P value of the Pearson χ2 test or Fisher exact test.

  • BF, breastfeeding; HDY, high dependency unit; HDU, high dependency unit; ICU, intensive care unit; IFDC, Integrated Family Delivered Care; LOS, length of stay; MEBM, mother expressed breast milk; SCBU, special care baby unit.