Table 3

Comparison of glucose control, insulin delivery and nutritional intake during the postintervention period (72–160 hours postbirth)

Closed loop
(n=10)
Control
(n=10)
P value
Time spent with sensor glucose level (%)
4.0–8.0 mmol/L64 (39-90)42 (30-55)0.053
2.6–10 mmol/L95 (79-97)78 (61-97)0.243
>10 mmol/L3 (1-21)22 (3-36)0.156
<2.6 mmol/L0.0 (0.0-0.8)0.0 (0.0-0.2)0.720
Mean sensor glucose (mmol/L)7.0 (6.8-8.5)8.3 (7.3-9.2)0.182
SD of sensor glucose (mmol/L)1.7 (1.5-2.1)1.7 (1.3-2.8)0.780
Episodes of blood glucose <2.6 mmol/L101.000
Insulin (U/kg/hour)0.02 (0.00-0.04)0.03 (0.00-0.05)0.356
Nutritional intake
 Dextrose (mg/kg/min)9.4 (7.0-10.6)8.7 (5.4-10.9)0.549
 Protein (g/kg/day)3.7 (2.7-4.3)3.8 (2.9-4.4)0.968
 Lipid (g/kg/day)2.0 (1.5-2.9)1.8 (1.2-2.8)0.611
 Oral milk intake (mL/kg/day)4.4 (3.5-11.5)5.0 (0.5-13.0)0.720
  • Data are presented as median (IQR).