Table 4

Death or adverse neurodevelopmental outcome at age 2 years (corrected)

Clamp ≥2 min+neonatal care with cord intact n=115 (%)Clamp ≤20 s+neonatal care after clamping n=103 (%)Risk difference
(95% CI)
Risk ratio
(95% CI)
Death or adverse neurodevelopmental outcome24 (21)35 (34)−13% (−25% to −1%)0.61 (0.39 to 0.96)
 Death8 (7)16 (16)−9% (−17% to 0%)0.45 (0.20 to 1.00)
 Adverse neurodevelopmental outcome16 (14)19 (18)−5% (−14% to 5%)0.75 (0.41 to 1.39)
For children alive at 2 years, type of adverse neurodevelopment outcome*
 Motor2 (2)5 (6)
 Cognitive11 (10)6 (7)
 Hearing2 (2)2 (2)
 Speech/language9 (8)14 (16)
 Vision2 (2)2 (2)
  • *For: clamp ≥2 min+neonatal care with cord intact n=107; clamp ≤20 s+neonatal care after clamping n=87.