Table 1

Demographic details and nutritional intake of infants in all study groups

Accuracy study (n=20)Intervention study control
(n=10)
Intervention study real-time CGM
(n=10)
Gestational age at birth (weeks)26.14 (1.9)27.96 (2.1)27.5 (2.8)
Birth weight (g)809 (156)901 (144)823 (282)
Sex (male:female)10:106:45:5
Antenatal variables
 Antenatal steroids19 (95%)10 (100%)9 (90%)
 Maternal smoking5 (25%)1 (10%)2 (20%)
 Chorioamnionitis1 (5%)0 (0%)3 (30%)
 PROM6 (30%)2 (20%)4 (40%)
 Hypertension1 (5%)2 (20%)1 (10%)
Nutritional intake
 Mean dextrose infused (mg/kg/min)6.10 (2.2)7.73 (2.6)
 Mean protein infused (g/kg/day)2.98 (1.15–3.67)3.38 (2.58–3.97)
 Mean lipid infused (g/kg/day)1.80 (0.63–2.22)1.44 (1.10–2.19)
 Mean oral feeds (mL/kg/hour)0.01 (0.00–0.03)0.01 (0.00–0.03)
  • Antenatal factors associated with hyperglycaemia, hypoglycaemia and postnatal nutrition appear comparable between study groups.

  • PROM is >24 hours.

  • Data are presented as mean±SD, number (%) or median (IQR) as appropriate.

  • CGM, continuous glucose monitoring; PROM, prolonged rupture of membrane.