Table 1

Study populations in descending order of neonatal mortality rate

InterVA disease prevalence settings
Study site and area descriptionCluster definitionClusters includedPeriod of mortality surveillanceVA completion rate as proportion of recorded neonatal deaths (reference)Estimated % institutional births during data collectionMalariaHIV
Ekjut—rural India: three rural districts in Jharkhand (Saraikela Kharsawan, West Singhbhum) and Odisha (Keonjhar)228–10 villages with residents classified as tribal/scheduled caste or other backward caste: average population 633818Aug 2005–Jul 200898%2220%22HighVery low
SNEHA—urban India: six municipal wards in Mumbai21Slum area: population ∼1000 residents24Oct 2005–Feb 201060%4487%21LowVery low
Dhanusha—rural Nepal: district excluding Janakpur municipality26Village development committee: population ∼800030Jun 2006–Apr 201170% (51)26%63Very lowVery low
Makwanpur—rural Nepal: village development committee areas in Makwanpur district23Village development committee: population ∼700012Apr 2001–Oct 200898%*2%23Very lowVery low
(PCP—rural Bangladesh: nine unions in three rural districts (Bogra, Faridpur and Moulavibazar)17 18Union (lowest administrative unit): population 25 000–30 0009Nov 2004–Jul 201183%17 1816%–28%17 18Very lowVery low
MaiMwana—rural Malawi: Mchinji district19 29Census enumeration area: population ∼300024Jun 2004–Jan 201192%*37%–44%19HighHigh
MaiKhanda—rural Malawi: three districts in central region (Kasungu, Lilongwe and Salima)20Health centre catchment area: population ∼30 00031 (sample of 4000 from each cluster)Jun 2007–Dec 201086%3050%–67%20HighHigh
  • *Estimated from available data.

  • PCP, Perinatal Care Project; SNEHA, Society for Nutrition, Education and Health Action; VA, verbal autopsies.