Table 1

Characteristics of neonates receiving red cells, platelets or exchange transfusion, 2001–2011

Any blood productNo blood productTransfusion rate (per 1000 live births)
Total5326 (100.0)984 165 (100.0)5.4
Maternal age
 <20264 (5.0)36 586 (3.7)7.2
 20–343780 (71.0)733 868 (74.6)5.1
 ≥351282 (24.1)213 711 (21.7)6
Maternal pregnancy hypertension
 Yes848 (15.9)90 328 (9.2)9.3
Maternal transfusion
 Yes223 (4.2)12 193 (1.2)18
Place of birth
 NICU hospital4426 (83.1)406 188 (41.3)10.8
 Other public hospital543 (10.2)321 609 (32.7)1.7
 Private hospital357 (6.7)256 368 (26.0)1.4
Baby gender
 Male2952 (55.4)505 841 (51.4)5.8
 Female2374 (44.6)478 324 (48.6)4.9
Multiple birth
 Yes1027 (19.3)28 875 (2.9)34.3
 No4299 (80.7)955 290 (97.1)4.5
Gestational age
 23–271812 (34.0)1297 (0.1)582.8
 28–311398 (26.2)5181 (0.5)212.5
 32–36812 (15.2)56 531 (5.7)14.2
 37–38587 (11.0)223 673 (22.7)2.6
 39–41703 (13.2)682 622 (69.4)1
 42+14 (0.3)14 861 (1.5)0.9
Low Apgar
 1 min <41305 (24.5)20 295 (2.1)60.4
 5 min <71263 (23.7)15 089 (1.5)77.2
Birth weight
 SGA—<10th centile912 (17.1)91 628 (9.3)9.9
 AGA4011 (75.3)787 136 (80.0)5.1
 LGA—>90th centile403 (7.6)105 401 (10.7)3.8
  • AGA, appropriate-for-gestational age; LGA, large-for-gestational age; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; SGA, small-for-gestational age.