TableĀ 4

Comparison of outcomes of symmetric and asymmetric macrosomic infants by WLR

Outcome parametersSymmetric by WLR (n=1020)Asymmetric by WLR (n=1746)p Values
Composite outcome, n (%)*94 (9.2)231 (13.2)0.001
Unexplained jaundice, n (%)40 (3.9)109 (6.2)0.009
Hypoglycaemia, n (%)3 (0.3)30 (1.7)<0.001
NICU transfer, n (%)29 (2.8)71 (4.1)0.11
Prolonged hospitalisation, n (%)247 (24.2)712 (40.8)<0.001
Respiratory disorders, n (%)14 (1.4)28 (1.6)0.75
Any birth trauma, n (%)15 (1.5)40 (2.3)0.16
Fracture of clavicle, n (%)15 (1.5)36 (2.1)0.31
Hyperthermia, n (%)6 (0.6)10 (0.6)0.99
Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy, n (%)5 (0.5)11 (0.6)0.8
Culture-positive sepsis, n (%)3 (0.3)5 (0.3)0.97
Leukocytosis, n (%)3 (0.3)4 (0.2)0.71
Polycythaemia, n (%)2 (0.2)9 (0.5)0.35
Thrombocytopenia, n (%)2 (0.2)3 (0.25)0.98
Cyanotic event, n (%)2 (0.2)7 (0.4)0.5
Hypocalcaemia, n (%)1 (0.1)00.37
Weight loss >10%, n (%)06 (0.3)0.09
Meconium aspiration, n (%)01 (0.1)0.79
  • *Defined as one or more of the following: 5 min Apgar score <7, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy, convulsions, birth injury, hypoglycaemia, hypocalcaemia, unexplained hyperbilirubinemia, metabolic acidosis, polycythaemia, meconium aspiration syndrome, transient tachypnoea of the newborn or respiratory distress syndrome, hyperthermia, cyanotic episodes or loss of >10% of birth weight.

  • WLR, weight/length ratio; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit.