Clinical characteristics | Control group (n=2766) | Macrosomic group (n=2766) | Macrosomic LGA (n=1347) |
---|---|---|---|
Median birth weight, g, (range) | 3400 (3000–3995) | 4150 (4000–5370) | 4270 (4000–5370) |
Mean maternal age, years (SD) | 29.61 (5.0) | 30.66 (5.08) | 31.09 (5.02) |
Birth parity, median (range) | 2.0 (1–12) | 2.0 (1–17) | 2.0 (1–16) |
Mean head circumference, cm (SD) | 34.61 (1.05) | 35.9 (1.02) | 35.98 (1.03) |
Mean length, cm (SD) | 50.4 (1.3) | 52.5 (1.42) | 52.67 (1.43) |
AGA according to length, n (%) | 2766 (100) | 1786 (64.6) | 684 (50.8) |
AGA according to weight, n (%) | 2766 (100) | 1419 (51.3) | 0 (0) |
Mean WLR, kg/m (SD) | 6.78 (0.44) | 8.0 (0.35) | 8.18 (0.35) |
Mean BMI, kg/m^{2} (SD) | 13.46 (0.89) | 15.25 (0.91) | 15.54 (0.88) |
Mean PI, g/cm^{3}*100 (SD) | 2.67 (0.2) | 2.91 (0.24) | 2.96 (0.23) |
Male, n (%) | 1472 (53.2) | 1877 (67.9) | 736 (54.6)* |
Vaginal delivery, n (%) | 2160 (78.1) | 1728 (62.5) | 737 (54.7) |
Caesarean delivery, n (%) | 406 (14.7) | 899 (32.5) | 561 (41.6) |
Instrumental delivery, n (%) | 200 (7.2) | 139 (5) | 49 (3.6) |
Birth in high-risk time period, n (%) | 2090 (75.7) | 1822 (71.6) | 851 (68.5) |
When comparing the control group to the macrosomic group all p values <0.001. When comparing the control group to the LGA macrosomic group all p values <0.001 except *p value=0.4 comparing % males between LGA to control group.
AGA, appropriateness for gestational age; BMI, Body Mass Index; LGA, large for gestational age; PI, Ponderal Index; WLR, weight/length ratio.