Table 3

Infants (n=85) with Apgar scores of 0–3 at 10 min: comparison based on survival without moderate/severe disability

Characteristic
mean±SD or N (%)
Survived without moderate/severe disability
(N=21)
Died and/or moderate/severe disability
(N=64)
p Value
Male14 (67)34 (53)0.28
Birth weight (kg)3443.9±622.53384.0±564.10.69
Gestational age (weeks)38.8±1.239.0±1.50.60
Intrapartum complications
 Fetal decelerations14 (67)49 (77)0.37
 Cord prolapse4 (19)12 (19)0.98
 Uterine rupture3 (14)7 (11)0.68
 Maternal pyrexia1 (5)4 (6)0.79
 Shoulder dystocia*4 (19)3 (5)0.04
 Maternal haemorrhage1 (5)7 (11)0.40
Emergency C-section15 (71)51 (80)0.43
DR interventions
 Oxygen21 (100)64 (100)
 Bag and mask ventilation21 (100)62 (97)0.41
 Endotracheal intubation20 (95)63 (98)0.40
 Chest compressions*13 (62)58 (91)0.002
 Medications14 (67)55 (86)0.05
Continued resuscitation at 10 min
 Oxygen*17 (81)64 (100)<0.001
 Bag and mask ventilation11 (52)42 (66)0.28
 Endotracheal intubation18 (86)60 (94)0.25
 Chest compressions11 (52)37 (58)0.61
 Medications11 (52)39 (61)0.49
Time to spontaneous respiration ≥10 min*16 (76)57 (89)0.005
Cord blood gas
 pH*6.9±0.26.8±0.20.012
 Base deficit (meq/L)*16.5±7.623.4±7.90.016
 pH*
  <7.07 (64)35 (92)0.018
  7.01–7.15 n (%)4 (36)3 (8)
First postnatal blood gas
 pH*7.1±0.16.9±0.20.001
 Base deficit*16.7±4.921.3±8.10.025
Inborn10 (48)28 (44)0.76
Severe HIE*4 (19)41 (64)<0.001
  • *Among those who survived without moderate/severe disability, 21 had data on time to spontaneous respiration and 11 had data on cord pH and base deficit. Among those who died or had moderate/severe disability, 59 had data on time to spontaneous respiration, 38 had data on cord pH and 32 had data on base deficit. First postnatal gases are noted for infants who did not have cord blood gases available. Percentages are computed out of the number of children with data on the corresponding variable.

  • DR, delivery room; HIE, hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy.