Table 2 Rates of selected neonatal outcomes of term infants delivered by spontaneous vaginal delivery, assisted vaginal delivery and caesarean delivery with and without labour, in Nova Scotia, 1988–2002
Neonatal outcomesSpontaneous vaginal delivery (%)(n = 99 679)Assisted vaginal delivery (%)(n = 15 987)Caesarean in labour (%)(n = 16 508)Caesarean without labour (%)(n = 10 755)
Depression at birth
Delay in initiating and maintaining respiration367 (0.4)150 (0.9)287 (1.7)41 (0.4)
Low 5-minute Apgar (⩽3)79 (0.1)28 (0.2)53 (0.3)15 (0.1)
HIE and associated sequelae86 (0.1)48 (0.3)77 (0.5)13 (0.1)
Neonatal birth trauma
Minor trauma1099 (1.1)774 (4.8)194 (1.2)6 (0.1)
Major trauma311 (0.3)225 (1.4)25 (0.2)7 (0.1)
Respiratory conditions
RDS78 (0.1)19 (0.1)25 (0.2)67 (0.6)
Transient tachypnoea644 (0.6)116 (0.7)190 (1.2)168 (1.6)
Aspiration pneumonitis268 (0.3)69 (0.4)119 (0.7)26 (0.2)
NICU stay >24 hours2155 (2.2)572 (3.6)859 (5.2)474 (4.4)
Breast feeding at discharge58 588 (59.1)9524 (60.1)9744 (59.5)5828 (54.6)
  • HIE, hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; RDS, respiratory distress syndrome.