Table 3

‚ÄÉCause of early neonatal sepsis and pneumonia in developing countries

BacteriaWHO young infant studyEnglish et al18Mussi-Pinhata et al10Total
Bacterial pathogens isolated from blood culture or cerebrospinal fluid in the first week of life in 360 neonates from the multicentre WHO young infant study,17 432 neonates in the first week of life in Kenya,18 and in 261 neonates with respiratory distress in the first 4 days of life in Brazil.
GBS, Group B Streptococcus.
No of patients3604322611053
Total positive cultures26 (7.2%)40 (9.3%)25 (9.6%)91 (8.6%)
E coli 68418
Group B Streptococcus166 (+8 with positive GBS urinary antigen)13 (+8 with positive GBS urinary antigen)
Klebsiella spp010010
Staph aureus 5139
S pneumoniae 2338
Pseudomonas spp2507
Proteus mirabilis 0426
Enterobacter 4004
Staph epidermidis 0044
Streptomyces pyogenes 3003
Enterococcus spp0303
Haemophilus influenzae 0022
Group G Streptococcus1001
Salmonella spp1001
Acinetobacter 1001
Neisseria meningitidis 0011