Table 4

 Diagnosis associated with antenatal causes of neonatal encephalopathy

Birth defects (n = 16)Others (n = 5)
Biochemical (n = 3)Structural (n = 10)Genetic (n = 3)
Values are number of subjects.
*Cases associated with perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia.
Non-ketotic hyperglycinaemia (2)Cortical dysplasia (1)Willi-Prader syndrome* (1)Non-immune hydrops fetalis* (1)
Ornithine transcarboxylaseCongenital post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus (1)Costello syndrome (1)Intrauterine growth retardation (3)*
deficiency (1)Unilateral absent kidney, megaloureter, ventriculomegaly (1)Benign familial neonatal seizures (1)Early onset hypocalcaemia (1)
Cerebro-oculofacial skeletal syndrome (1)
Facial dysmorphism, microcephaly (1)
Facial dysmorphism, dysmorphic fingers, hypospadias* (1)
Pierre Robin syndrome, hypoplasia of the corpus callosum* (1)
Dysgenesis of the corpus callosum* (1)
Pierre Robin syndrome, atrophied brainstem* (1)
Epileptic encephalopathy (1)