Table 1

 Comparison of ethnic origin, sex, and basic clinical data of infants using nasal mask versus nasal prong continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)

Nasal mask (n = 41)Nasal prong (n = 48)p Value
If not otherwise indicated, values are number (%) or mean (SD).
*Significant difference.
†Median (interquartile range).
LSCS, lower segment caesarean section.
Ethnic group
    Malay25 (61%)31 (65%)
    Chinese9 (22%)10 (21%)0.9
    Other7 (17%)7 (15%)
Male17 (41%)25 (52%)0.3
Given antenatal steroids23 (56%)35 (73%)0.1
Delivered by LSCS18 (44%)33 (69%)0.02*
Birth weight (g)1085 (232)1105 (228)0.7
Gestation (weeks)28.7 (2.3)29.7 (2.6)0.06
Apgar score at 1 min6.5 (1.7)6.3 (2.0)0.6
Apgar score at 5 min8.5 (0.9)8.1 (1.7)0.1
Given surfactant31 (76%)27 (56%)0.06
Age when 1st dose of surfactant was given (minutes)15.0 (13.0)†20.0 (20.0)†0.4
Received CPAP on admission8 (19%)12 (25%)0.5