Table 4

 Psychosocial scores at 1 year by random allocation

Random allocation
UltrasoundNo ultrasound
N%N%p ValueRR95% CI
MD, Mean difference; RR, relative rate; CI, confidence interval; EPDS, Edinburgh postnatal depression scale; PSI, parenting stress index; STAI, Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory.
Anxiety in clinical range54/2342362/243260.530.900.66 to 1.24
No Mean SD No Mean SD p Value MD 95% CI
Anxiety scale (STAI)23434.011.424334.310.90.75−0.3−2.3 to 1.7
Depression (EPDS)2387.05.12436.84.70.790.1−0.8 to 1.0
Parenting stress total (PSI)21166.412.821966.113.20.850.2−2.2 to 2.7
PSI sense competence23422.75.724222.65.70.770.2−0.9 to 1.2
PSI attachment23410.82.924110. to 1.0
PSI child moody2378.72.72458.72.70.920.0−0.5 to 0.5
PSI child rewarding2358.62.42478.82.60.62−0.1−0.6 to 0.3
PSI spouse22415.74.523315.94.60.56−0.3−1.1 to 0.6
Hip worries inventory23818.25.225018.25.40.980.0−0.9 to 1.0