Table 3

 Results on questionnaires: ADHD rating scale IV, autism spectrum screening questionnaire, and children’s global assessment scale in two groups of low birthweight adolescents compared with a control group at 14 years of age

VLBW (n = 56)SGA (n = 60)Control (n = 83)
Values are mean (SD).
***p < 0.001 v controls. Three group comparisons performed with analysis of variance and Scheffe’s post hoc test for parametric data, and Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U test for non-parametric data.
†Teachers’ report was missing for 11 VLBW, eight SGA, and 11 control adolescents.
ADHD rating scale IV, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder rating scale IV32,33; ASSQ, autism spectrum screening questionnaire31; CGAS, children’s global assessment scale30; VLBW, very low birth weight; SGA, small for gestational age.
ADHD rating scale IV (teachers’ report)†
Attention score7.1 (6.0)***5.1 (6.4)3.8 (5.9)
Hyperactivity score2.7 (4.4)3.0 (5.3)2.1 (4.4)
Total score9.8 (9.0)***8.1 (10.9)5.9 (10.0)
ASSQ sum score5.5 (5.9)***3.0 (4.7)2.0 (2.7)
CGAS score72.8 (16.5)***82.3 (10.8)85.3 (8.2)