Table 4

Number and multivariate odds ratios for small for gestational age (SGA) for servings for each food group in the last month of pregnancy

Food groupSGAAGAMultivariate OR (95% CI)
Food groups are analysed according to servings a day, except for meat and fish which are analysed according to servings a week.
Fruitn = 540n = 598p = 0.19, df = 4, χ2 = 6.11
0–0.7595621.53 (0.99 to 2.35)
>0.75–1.2582831.08 (0.72 to 1.63)
>1.25–2.01111360.93 (0.61 to 1.40)
>2.0–3.0891231.04 (0.69 to 1.57)
>31631941
Vegetablesn = 539n = 598p = 0.12, df = 4, χ2 = 7.25
0–0.751461261.20 (0.76 to 1.92)
>0.75–1.2576840.94 (0.57 to 1.56)
>1.25–2.0911320.69 (0.43 to 1.10)
>2.0–3.01591830.98 (0.64 to 1.51)
>3.067731
Meatn = 534n = 597p = 0.66, df = 4, χ2 = 2.44
0–256570.70 (0.43 to 1.16)
>2–41772020.84 (0.59 to 1.19)
>4–51021230.85 (0.57 to 1.26)
>5–666720.97 (0.62 to 1.53)
>61331431
Fishn = 529n = 593p = 0.39, df = 2, χ2 = 1.90
None1381371.29 (0.83 to 1.99)
Up to one2843441.07 (0.73 to 1.57)
More than one1441121
Dairy productsn = 536n = 596p = 0.38, df = 4, χ2 = 4.22
0–1.2577641.21 (0.78 to 1.87)
>1.25–2.081851.08 (0.72 to 1.63)
>2.0–3.01301440.98 (0.69 to 1.40)
>3.0–4.01581240.76 (0.52 to 1.19)
>4.01021751
Carbohydrate rich foodsn = 539n = 598p = 0.17, df = 4, χ2 = 6.48
0–1.51231011.52 (0.99 to 2.33)
>1.5–2.25961001.36 (0.87 to 2.13)
>2.25–2.751141251.08 (0.71 to 1.65)
>2.75–3.51181701.00 (0.67 to 1.51)
>3.5891021
High carbohydrate snacks and soft drinksn = 538n = 597p = 0.22, df = 3, χ2 = 4.40
0–<11731551.26 (0.86 to 1.85)
1–<21651841.18 (0.81 to 1.71)
2–<31001370.88 (0.58 to 1.32)
⩾31001211
Vitaminsn = 526n = 591p = 0.1, df = 1, χ2 = 2.78
Yes971390.76 (0.55–1.05)
No4294521
Folate supplementn = 473n = 546p = 0.2, df = 1, χ2 = 1.65
Yes33380.70 (0.41 to 1.20)
No4405081
Iron supplementn = 507n = 579p = 0.05, df = 1, χ2 = 3.71
Yes1852200.76 (0.57 to 1.01)
No3223591