Table 3

Health and other conditions, as reported by parents, among all ELGA teenagers and a comparison between mainstream ELGA and control teenagers

Mainstream ELGA v controls
All ELGA teenagers (n=174)ELGA teenagers in special schools (n=29)ELGA teenagers in mainstream schools (n=145)Control group (n=100)Difference in % (95% CI)p Value
Values are numbers (percentages) of teenagers.
ELGA, Extremely low gestational age; CI, confidence interval.
No health problems40 (23) 0 (0)40 (28)49 (49)−21 (−34 to −9)<0.001
Asthma40 (23) 3 (10)37 (26)19 (19) 7 (−4 to 17) 0.28
Vision problems55 (32)17 (59)38 (26)14 (14) 12 (2 to 22) 0.026
Learning difficulties55 (32)25 (86)30 (21) 3 (3) 18 (10 to 25)<0.0001
Behavioural52 (30)17 (59)35 (24) 7 (7) 17 (9 to 26)<0.001
Cerebral palsy20 (11)11 (38) 9 (6) 0 (0) 6 (2 to 10) 0.012
Hearing problems21 (12) 9 (31)12 (8) 6 (6) 2 (−4 to 9) 0.62
Epilepsy14 (8)10 (34) 4 (3) 0 (0) 3 (−3 to 9) 0.15