Table 3

Fasting concentrations of hormones and metabolites

Adequate glycaemic response group (n=55)Inadequate glycaemic response group (n=23)p value
An adequate glycaemic response to glucagon >1 mmol/l; inadequate response <1 mmol/l increment in blood glucose.
Results expressed as mean (SEM).
QUICKI score: Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index equation (QUICKI = 1/[log(Io) + log(Go)]).
Cortisol (nmol/l)206 (20)192 (32.9)0.72
Glucagon (pmol/l))29 (1.7)25 (2.0)0.63
Growth hormone (mU/l)53 (3.9)37 (4.7)0.025
Insulin (mU/l))2.6 (0.29)4.3 (0.76)0.014
Insulin:glucagon ratio0.11 (0.01)0.19 (0.03)0.014
QUICKI score0.22 (0.007)0.19 (0.009)0.04
β-Hydroxybutyrate (mmol/l)0.11 (0.012)0.15 (0.019)0.39