Table 1

Effect of antenatal steroids on respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in premature twins

Outcome measure Optimal antenatal steroids No antenatal steroids Odds ratio (95% CI) p Value
RDS184/31059%79/10675%0.49 (0.27 to 0.91)0.02
Surfactant use162/33349%67/10862%0.58 (0.34 to 0.99)0.05
Mortality35/33411%20/11018%0.53 (0.26 to 1.08)0.08
  • Results are number of twin infants affected over number of infants at risk, also expressed as a percentage. Odds ratio and p values were produced by logistic regression with standard errors adjusted for within pair correlation.