Table 3

Numbers and odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of need for intervention and follow up by specialised personnel among 727 children at 8–13 years of age related to Apgar scores five minutes after delivery and symptoms that may indicate neonatal encephalopathy* (SNE)

Apgar 0–3Apgar 4–6Apgar 7–10
+ SNE (total=77)− SNE (total=78)+ SNE (total=122)− SNE (total=152)+ SNE (total=40)− SNE (total=258)
*Symptoms that may indicate neonatal encephalopathy were defined as seizures, feeding difficulties, and/or ventilator treatment in the first week of life. Their distribution related to Apgar scores are specified in table 1; †p=0.01; ‡none in the cell; §including at least one of the following: need for special school (n=2); need for special resources in ordinary school (n=101); continuation of one school year (n=2); recommended delayed start at school (n=9). p=0.001; ¶p=0.57; **p=0.12; ††p=0.007.
Extra resources in kindergarten†47.0 (1.3 to 39.2)11.7 (0.1 to 18.7)77.8 (1.6 to 38.2)10.8 (0.1 to 9.5)0–‡21.0 (ref.)
Intervention at school§233.4 (1.8 to 6.3)60.7 (0.3 to 1.7)191.5 (0.8 to 2.7)201.2 (0.7 to 2.2)92.3 (1.0 to 5.3)291.0 (ref.)
Speech therapist¶91.4 (0.6 to 3.1)30.4 (0.1 to 1.4)111.0 (0.5 to 2.2)120.9 (0.4 to 1.8)41.1 (0.4 to 3.5)231.0 (ref.)
Psychologist**55.9 (1.4 to 25.4)33.4 (0.7 to 17.2)10.7 (0.1 to 6.9)21.1 (0.2 to 6.9)12.2 (0.2 to 21.6)31.0 (ref.)
Resource centre for educational and behavioural problems††183.8 (1.9 to 7.8)61.1 (0.4 to 2.7)141.6 (0.8 to 3.4)181.7 (0.9 to 3.3)72.7 (1.0 to 6.8)191.0 (ref.)