Table 4

Neurological outcome in preterm infants receiving either a three day course of dexamethasone (Dex) or placebo

Placebo n=79 Dex n=80 Odds ratio (95% CI)
Normal66  (84%)40  (50%)0.22 (0.12 to 0.43)4-150
Abnormal—total12 (15%)39 (49%)4.62 (2.38 to 8.98)4-150
Spastic diplegia5 (6%)22 (28%)4.45 (1.95 to 10.15)4-150
Spastic quadriplegia7 (9%)13 (16%)1.95 (0.77 to 4.96)
Hemiplegia03 (4%)7.49 (0.77 to 73)
Hypotonia01 (1%)7.3 (0.14 to 99)
Soft signs1 (1%)1 (1%)0.99 (0.06 to 15.9)
  • 4-150 Statistically significant difference.