Table 3

Prediction of visual morbidity from perinatal data

Visual impairmentPerinatal factorOdds ratio (95% CI)P value
Visual acuity <6/9
at 6 mBirthweight (kg)−20.1  (−1.8 to −221.4)0.014
at 0.3 mNo predictive variables
Poor contrast sensitivity (at any spatial frequency)Birthweight (kg)−6.7 (−1.1 to −40.4)0.035
MyopiaBirthweight (kg)−99 (−3.3 to −2980) 0.007
SGA5.4 (1.3 to 22.8)0.02
IVH4.6 (1.1 to 19.3)0.03
HypermetropiaNo predictive variables
SquintIVH5.1 (1.2 to 21.5)0.02
Absent stereopsisApgar score (1 minute) −1.3 (−1.1 to −1.16)0.003
  • SGA: Small for gestational age; IVH: intraventricular haemorrhage.