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Peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) insertion is one of the most common invasive procedures performed in the neonatal unit but has a low first attempt success rate (45%–47%).1 2 Multiple insertion attempts are associated with an increased risk of infection.3
No studies to date have examined success rates across repeated attempts by a single operator, and whether a rescue operator is more likely to successfully insert a PIVC following unsuccessful attempts by an initial operator.
The primary outcomes of our single-centre prospective, observational study at a tertiary level neonatal unit were the probability of PIVC insertion success by a single primary operator, and the probability of PIVC insertion success by a ‘rescue’ operator following unsuccessful attempts by a primary operator.
All neonates (n=339) who had a PIVC (n=616) inserted from June to December 2020 were eligible. Patient demographic data are detailed in table 1. Following each attempted PIVC …
Contributors CT conceived and designed the study, and contributed to the literature search, data collection, analysis and interpretation of data and writing of the first draft of the manuscript. PGD contributed to the conception and design of the study, analysis and interpretation of data and revision of the manuscript draft. MT contributed to design of the study, analysis and interpretation of data and revision of the manuscript draft. SM and MG contributed to data collection and revision of the manuscript draft.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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