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Assessing the effectiveness of two neonatal face masks during simulated resuscitation: Study 1
  1. Fiona E Wood (fewood{at}
  1. The Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne,Victoria 3053,, Australia
    1. Colin J Morley (colin.morley{at}
    1. Royal Women's Hospital, Australia
      1. Jennifer A Dawson (jennifer.dawson{at}
      1. The Royal Women's Hospital, Australia
        1. C. Omar Farouk Kamlin (omar.kamlin{at}
        1. Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
          1. Louise S Owen (louise.owen{at}
          1. Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
            1. Susan Donath (susan.donath{at}
            1. Royal Children's Hospital, Australia
              1. Peter Graham Davis (pgd{at}
              1. Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia


                Background: Positive pressure ventilation (PPV) via a face mask is an important skill taught using mannequins. There have been few attempts to assess the effectiveness of different face mask designs.

                Aim: To determine whether leak at the face mask during simulated neonatal resuscitation differed between a new round mask design and the current most widely used model.

                Method: Fifty participants gave PPV to a modified mannequin designed to measure leak at the face mask. Leak was calculated from the difference between the inspired and expired tidal volumes.

                Results: Mask leak varied widely with no significant difference between devices; mean (SD) percentage leak for the Laerdal round mask was 55% (31) and Fisher & Paykel mask was 57% (25).

                Conclusion: We compared a new neonatal face mask with an established design and found no difference in leak. On average the mask leak was >50% irrespective of operator experience or technique.

                • face mask
                • neonate
                • newborn
                • resuscitation
                • ventilation

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