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Images in neonatal medicine
Pneumatocoele in a neonate with perinatal tuberculosis
  1. Jaafar Rohana1,
  2. Doris Sie Chong Lau1,
  3. Abdul Latiff Hasniah1,
  4. Mohd Zaki Faizah2,
  5. Nem-Yun Boo3,
  6. Ishak Shareena1
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  3. 3Department of Clinical Sciences, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Selangor, Malaysia
  1. Correspondence to Dr Rohana Jaafar, Department of Paediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Jalan Yaacob Latif, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; drohana{at}

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Pneumatocoele, a rare complication of cavitary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), had not been reported previously in neonates. We report here a premature infant of 28 weeks gestation weighing 1150 g who had pneumatocoele following pulmonary TB infection. He was diagnosed to have TB pneumonia at 2 weeks of age (figure 1A) when acid fast bacilli were isolated from his tracheal aspirate. Tracheal aspirate culture and polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium were also positive. He …

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  • Contributors I declare that all authors have contributed to the preparation of this manuscript. Jaafar Rohana and DSC Lau drafted this manuscript. MZ Faizah provided and prepared figures. AL Hasniah and I Shareena managed the patient and provided comments to this manuscript. NY Boo edited the manuscript and provided comments. Everyone was also involved in managing the patient being reported.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained from the parents.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.