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Benign tonic downgaze of infancy
  1. N M Allen1,
  2. D Tibussek2,
  3. P Borusiak3,
  4. M D King1
  1. 1Department of Neurology, Children's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
  2. 2Department of General Paediatrics, University Children's Hospital, Duesseldorf, Germany
  3. 3Department of Pediatrics, HELIOS Klinikum, Wuppertal, Germany
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nicholas M Allen, Department of Neurology, Children's University Hospital, Temple Street, Dublin 1, Ireland; nicholasallen{at}

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Three full-term infants, a boy and two girls aged 4 days, 5 days and 7 weeks, respectively, presented with ‘abnormal’ eye movements consisting of intermittent downgaze sometimes with eye adduction lasting between 3 and 20 seconds (figures 1 and 2 with video links). One infant also displayed vertical nystagmus. The episodes occurred while the infants were awake, and there was no apparent trigger. Results …

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  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Parental consent obtained.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; internally peer reviewed.