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Prospects for premature infants have improved dramatically over the past 30 years. During this time, nutritional support has assumed increasing importance, not least because early interventions are now known to have long-term effects.1 2
Although the mortality rate has diminished, the proportion of surviving infants with severe sequelae has not.1 Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the main cause of visual impairment in premature infants. It was associated with excessive oxygen use shortly after the initial description. However, even with careful oxygen …
Competing interests: None.
All contributors to this study are members of the neonatal intensive care unit. SV: study coordinator, practising neonatologist; CV: practising neonatologist; FdZ: practising endocrinologist; KA: practising neonatologist.