The pattern of breathing was studied in 13 premature newborns treated by variable-flow Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (NCPAP), conventional NCPAP, and nasal cannulae. Compared to constant-flow NCPAP and nasal cannulae, the variable-flow NCPAP increases tidal volume and improves thoraco-abdominal synchrony, suggesting that variable-flow NCPAP provides more effective ventilatory support than conventional NCPAP or nasal cannulae.
- NCPAP, Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
- ΔEELV, dynamic elevation of end-expiratory lung volume
- EELV, elevation of end-expiratory lung volume
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