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Visual development in infants with prenatal post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation
  1. Daniela Ricci1,
  2. Rita Luciano2,
  3. Giovanni Baranello1,
  4. Chiara Veredice1,
  5. Laura Cesarini1,
  6. Flaviana Bianco1,
  7. Marika Pane1,
  8. Francesca Gallini2,
  9. Gessica Vasco1,
  10. Immacolata Savarese2,
  11. Antonio A Zuppa2,
  12. Lucia Masini3,
  13. Concezio Di Rocco4,
  14. Costantino Romagnoli2,
  15. Francesco Guzzetta1,
  16. Eugenio Mercuri1
  1. 1Pediatric Neurology Unit, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
  2. 2Neonatology, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
  3. 3Department of Obstetrics, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
  4. 4Paediatric Neurosurgery, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr Eugenio Mercuri
    Neuropsichiatria Infantile, Policlinico Gemelli, Largo Gemelli, 00168 Roma, Italy; e.mercuri{at}


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess visual function in 13 infants with evidence of prenatal post haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation.

Design: Infants were assessed at 5, 12 and 24 months using a battery of tests specifically designed to assess various aspects of visual function in infancy. Visual findings were correlated with several variables, including extent of the lesion and presence of epilepsy.

Results and conclusions: Abnormalities of visual function were frequent (over 60%) in our cohort at age 2 years, ranging from isolated abnormal ocular movements to severe abnormalities of all the aspects of visual function assessed. The most severe and persistent abnormalities of visual function were found in infants with grade IV intraventricular haemorrhage and shunted hydrocephalus who also had epilepsy in the first year.

  • IVH, intraventricular haemorrhage
  • PHH, post haemorrhagic hydrocephalus
  • PHVM, post haemorrhagic ventriculomegaly

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  • Published Online First 1 December 2006

  • Funding: The study was supported by a grant from the Mariani Foundation.

  • Competing interests: None.