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Neonatal resuscitation 1: a model to measure inspired and expired tidal volumes and assess leakage at the face mask
  1. C P F O’Donnell,
  2. C O F Kamlin,
  3. P G Davis,
  4. C J Morley
  1. Royal Women’s Hospital Melbourne, Victoria 3053, Australia
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr O’Donnell


Background: Neonatal resuscitation is a common and important intervention, and adequate ventilation is the key to success. In the delivery room, positive pressure ventilation is given with manual ventilation devices using face masks. Mannequins are widely used to teach and practise this technique. During both simulated and real neonatal resuscitation, chest excursion is used to assess tidal volume delivery, and leakage from the mask is not measured.

Objective: To describe a system that allows measurement of mask leakage and estimation of tidal volume delivery.

Methods: Respiratory function monitors, a modified resuscitation mannequin, and a computer were used to measure leakage from the mask and to assess tidal volume delivery in a model of neonatal resuscitation.

Results: The volume of gas passing through a flow sensor was measured at the face mask. This was a good estimate of the tidal volume entering and leaving the lung in this model. Gas leakage between the mask and mannequin was also measured. This occurred principally during inflation, although gas leakage during deflation was seen when the total leakage was large. A volume of gas that distended the mask but did not enter the lung was also measured.

Conclusion: This system can be used to assess the effectiveness of positive pressure ventilation given using a face mask during simulated neonatal resuscitation. It could be useful for teaching neonatal resuscitation and assessing ventilation through a face mask.

  • PPV, positive pressure ventilation
  • VMASK, volume of gas that, under pressure, distends the mask but does not enter the lung
  • VT, tidal volume
  • VTE(mask), expiratory tidal volume at the mask
  • VTI(mask), inspiratory tidal volume at the mask
  • resuscitation
  • artificial respiration
  • face mask

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  • Published Online First 4 May 2005

  • Competing interests: none declared