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Hypernatraemic dehydration: excess sodium is not the cause
  1. S Richmond
  1. Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, UK;

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    I am grateful to Laing and Wong for raising once again the issue of hypernatraemic dehydration in the first few days of life.1 However, I think it is important to remember that hypernatraemic dehydration, like anaemia, is a sign of disease and not a diagnosis in itself. A low haemoglobin concentration in blood can be caused by a large number of different pathological and physiological processes. Hypernatraemic dehydration should be seen in the same light.

    Laing and Wong’s article describes two situations in which a child can be found to exhibit the typical biochemical and clinical features of hypernatraemic dehydration, that is—weight loss and hypernatraemia. The first mentioned is associated with gastroenteritis in a bottle fed infant, commonly a few weeks old and the second is seen in “breast fed” infants …

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