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Nasal CPAP for neonates: what do we know in 2003?


Despite the acknowledged clinical usefulness of nasal CPAP, uncertainties regarding aspects of its application remain. Clinical indications for the application of nasal CPAP vary greatly between institutions. Furthermore, defining the optimal nasal CPAP system is complicated by the multiplicity of nasal CPAP devices and techniques available to the clinician. This review aims to identify what we know about nasal CPAP and what important questions remain.

  • CPAP
  • infant
  • neonate
  • CLD, chronic lung disease
  • CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure
  • ET, endotracheal
  • IFD, infant flow driver
  • NIPPV, nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation
  • RDS, respiratory distress syndrome

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