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Iodine deficiency associated with parenteral nutrition in extreme preterm infants

Abstract

Infants are in negative iodine balance on current standard regimens of total parenteral nutrition, with a mean iodine intake of 3 μg/kg/day (150 ml/kg/day). The recommended enteral intake of iodine for preterm infants is 30 μg/kg/day. Gastrointestinal absorption of iodine is high, suggesting that parenteral intakes should approach enteral recommendations.

  • preterm
  • iodine
  • thyroid
  • parenteral nutrition

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