Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Knee–heel length measurement in healthy preterm infants
  1. Ian J Griffin,
  2. Naomi M Pang,
  3. Jeffery Perring,
  4. Richard J Cooke
  1. Neonatal Nutrition Research Group Royal Victoria Infirmary University of Newcastle Newcastle-upon-Tyne
  1. Dr Ian J Griffin Section of Neonatology Department of Pediatrics Baylor College of Medicine One Baylor Plaza Houston Texas 77030 USA.


AIM To examine the reproducibility of crown–heel length measurement; the precision and reproducibility of knee–heel length measurement; and the association between the two in healthy preterm infants.

METHODS Paired crown–heel and knee–heel lengths were measured on 172 occasions by three observers in 43 preterm infants between 205 and 458 days of postconceptional age.

RESULTS Crown–heel length (CHL) measurement was highly reproducible, with a coefficient of variation (CV) of 0.41%. Knee–heel length (KHL) measurement was relatively precise (CV 0.78%), but less reproducible (intra-observer CV 1.77%, intra-observer CV 2.11%), especially in larger infants. The association between KHL and CHL was not consistent and varied with age. KHL was a poor predictor of CHL, with a 95% predictive interval of ± 27.5 mm.

CONCLUSIONS KHL was less reproducible than CHL, especially in larger infants, and a poor predictor of CHL.

  • crown–heel length
  • knee–heel length
  • knemometry
  • linear growth

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.