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Cerebral blood flow during treatment for pulmonary hypertension
  1. Satoshi Kusuda,
  2. Norio Shishida,
  3. Nobuhiro Miyagi,
  4. Madoka Hirabayashi,
  5. Tae-Jang Kim
  1. Department of Neonatology Osaka City General Hospital 2-13-22 Miyakojimahondori Miyakojimaku, Osaka 534-0021 Japan
  1. Dr Satoshi Kusuda. Email:skusuda{at}msic.med.osaka-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

AIM To determine if the haemodynamics of systemic and cerebral circulation are changed during treatment for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN).

METHODS Fifteen term newborn piglets with hypoxia induced pulmonary hypertension were randomly assigned either tolazoline infusion (Tz), hyperventilation alkalosis (HAT), and inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), mean systemic arterial pressure (SAP), and cerebral blood flow volume (CBF) were measured.

RESULTS During hypoxic breathing, PAP increased significantly in all groups. After treatment PAP decreased significantly in all groups, but no significant difference was observed between groups. SAP decreased significantly only in the Tz group, and CBF reduced significantly only in the HAT group. On the other hand, iNO did not change SAP or CBF.

CONCLUSION Inhaled NO might be ideal for the resolution of pulmonary hypertension.

  • cerebral blood flow
  • pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
  • tolazoline
  • hyperventilation
  • nitric oxide
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