Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Tracheobronchomalacia in preterm infants with chronic lung disease
  1. Iolo J M Doull,
  2. Quen Mok,
  3. Robert C Tasker
  1. Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London
  1. Dr Iolo Doull, Cystic Fibrosis Unit, Department of Child Health, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff CF4 4XW.


Tracheobronchomalacia is a treatable cause of persisting ventilatory requirements in the preterm neonate, and warrants a high index of suspicion. Five preterm infants with persisting ventilatory requirements with evidence of tracheobronchomalacia are reported. Four were diagnosed by tracheobronchogram and one by flexible endoscopy. All were successfully managed by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) via a tracheostomy. One infant died of unrelated causes. The oldest child in this series at the age of 2 years requires no further ventilatory support. Tracheobronchial anomalies should be considered in all preterm infants with persisting ventilatory requirements.

  • tracheobronchomalacia
  • continuous positive airway pressure

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.