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Neonatal symptomatic thromboembolism in Germany: two year survey

Abstract

AIMS To determine the incidence of neonatal thromboembolism in Germany.

METHODS Diagnostic imaging techniques, therapeutic modalities, and short term outcome were evaluated in a prospective nationwide two year case registry study.

RESULTS The reported incidence of symptomatic neonatal thromboembolism, diagnosed in most cases with Doppler ultrasonography, was 5.1 per 100 000 births, with a total of 79 cases registered: renal venous thrombosis (n=35); venous thrombosis (n=25); and arterial vascular occlusion (n=19). Fifty seven of 79 thromboses were associated with additional risk factors (central line n=25, asphyxia n=13, septicaemia n=11, dehydration n=6, maternal diabetes n=2, cardiac disease n=1). Inherited thrombophilia was also diagnosed in seven out of 35 cases investigated. Twenty three children received supportive treatment: 42 received heparin and in 13 neonates thrombolytic agents were administered. Most neonates (91%) survived; seven died.

CONCLUSION Controlled multicentre studies are needed to obtain more information on treatment efficacy.

  • thromboembolism
  • Doppler ultrasonography
  • heparin
  • thrombolytic agents
  • Germany

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