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Corrective steps to enhance ventilation in the delivery room
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    Is MRSOPA algorithm a cause for concern?

    The reported findings that some MRSOPA corrective steps actually made matters worse (1) should be a wake-up call to those teaching neonatal resuscitation (NRP), especially as many components of the algorithm are not evidence based and have never been validated.
    I wish to briefly report on two adverse outcomes which occurred on Vancouver Island at separate sites and at separate times, both following the introduction of the MRSOPA algorithm. Both infants were delivered at term by C Section under maternal general anesthetic. One was a preplanned elective C Section, the other for failure to progress with no concerns with the fetal heart tracing. There was no meconium present in the amniotic fluid. Both infants were depressed at birth but with palpable heartbeat. For both infants, there was difficulty in establishing effective ventilation. When intubation was eventually achieved, there was no colour change with CO2 detector, resulting in removal and resumption of bag-mask ventilation. The Neopuff (Fisher & Paykel) T piece was used in both cases and pressures were initially set at 20/5cm H20, as per NRP guidelines. However pressure increases occurred late. One baby had completely normal arterial cord gases. The other had an arterial cord pH 7.17.
    Following a prolonged but eventually successful resuscitation, both infants were cooled for 72hours. One infant required transport to a level 3 site and subsequently did well. The other child did poorly. That child now...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.