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Parental smoking and support in the NICU
  1. Amy Nichols1,
  2. Paul Clarke1,2,
  3. Caitlin Notley2
  1. 1 Neonatal Unit, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Norwich, UK
  2. 2 Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Caitlin Notley, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK; C.Notley{at}

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Twenty-six per cent of UK women report smoking in the 12 months before pregnancy. Manymanage to quit during pregnancy, 1 but in 2017, 10.8% of UK mothers were still smokers at delivery.2 Babies born to smoking mothers are more likely to be low birth weight/preterm, require admission to a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and have an increased risk of respiratory problems during infancy.3 4

Postpartum smoking relapse is high among mothers who stopped during pregnancy.4 Relapse is associated with stress and social/health inequalities. The NICU period is often highly stressful for parents.5 Recent ex-smokers with babies in NICU may be at increased risk of relapse, while those still smoking may find it a …

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