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Nasal injury in preterm infants receiving non-invasive respiratory support: a systematic review
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  • Published on:
    CPAP and nasal injury
    • Inge Axelsson, paediatrician, emeritus professor Östersund hospital
    • Other Contributors:
      • Agneta Smedsaas-Löfvenbeg, neonatologist

    Dilini I Imbulana and coworkers have published a good systematic review of nasal injuries in preterm infants receiving non-invasive respiratory support1. They included the early work by Robertson et al.2 but not the criticism from us3 or from the company selling the device4. At that time (1996), we had experiences of treatment of about 750 newborns with early versions of Infant Flow, including extremely preterm infants. We had not a single case of significant nasal injury. Imbulana et al. rightly write that it is important to chose correct size of nasal prongs (not too small). It is also crucial to avoid a hard pressure of the CPAP device on the nose. Moderate air leaks are acceptable. Several of the lesions published by Robertson and others are probable caused by attempts to avoid air leaks by a too tight connection between the CPAP device and the nose.
    Neonatal nurses from various hospitals and countries should meet face-to-face or via Skype to discuss and compare how they adapt CPAP devices to preterm newborns.
    Infant Flow was invented by the anaesthetists Drs Gunnar Moa and Kjell Nilsson at our hospital. We were the first paediatrician and neonatologist to use Infant Flow but we haven’t received any fees or other benefit for that.
    References
    1. Imbulana DI, Manley BJ, Dawson JA, Davis PG, Owen LS. Nasal injury in preterm infants receiving non-invasive respiratory support: a systematic review. Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal...

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    Conflict of Interest:
    None declared.