Objectives To assess myocardial function and presence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) using both tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and conventional echocardiography in preterm infants of <32 weeks gestation with chronic lung disease (CLD).
Design Prospective observational study.
Setting Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit.
Patients Three groups of preterm infants were recruited. Group 1—CLD receiving positive pressure airway support including high-flow humidified nasal cannula oxygen (n=25), group 2—CLD receiving low-flow nasal oxygen (n=25) and group 3—no CLD (n=22).
Methods Echocardiography was performed around 36 weeks corrected gestational age. Myocardial function and PH were assessed using both conventional (left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) and left ventricular output (LVO), tricuspid regurgitation and ventricular septal flattening) and TDI techniques (myocardial velocities, myocardial performance index (MPI) and right ventricular isovolumetric relaxation time (RV-IVRT)).
Results The MPI of right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle (LV) was significantly higher in CLD infants: mean RV MPI group 1—0.79, group 2—0.65 and group3—0.52. LV MPI: group 1—0.77, group 2—0.70 and group 3—0.45. There was a trend towards higher MPIs in group 1 compared with group 2. LVFS and LVO were similar across all three groups. RV-IVRT was also significantly higher in infants with CLD infants (group 1—64 milliseconds, group 2—62 milliseconds and group 3—52 milliseconds). PH was not detected by conventional echocardiography.
Conclusions Infants with CLD have evidence of relative biventricular dysfunction and higher pulmonary arterial blood pressure as demonstrated by TDI, which were not detected by conventional echocardiography.
- Preterm infants
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Contributors PKY, RJSN, SVR and AKE were involved in the design of the study. PKY performed the study investigations, collected and analysed the results, drafted the initial manuscript and was involved in revising and finalising the manuscript. RJSN provided supervision during the collection and analysis of data. JZ performed the statistical analysis. JZ, RJSN, SVR and AKE were involved in interpreting the results, revising and finalising the manuscript.
Competing interests None declared.
Ethics approval NRES Committee West Midlands—The Black Country.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.