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Neurorehabilitation after neonatal intensive care: evidence and challenges
  1. Nathalie L Maitre1,2
  1. 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville Tennessee, USA
  2. 2Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Nathalie L Maitre, Division of Neonatology, 2200 Children's Way, DOT 11111, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; nathalie.maitre{at}


Neonatologists and paediatric providers of developmental care have documented poor neurodevelopmental outcomes of infants who have received neonatal intensive care due to prematurity, perinatal neurological insults such as asphyxia or congenital anomalies such as congenital heart disease. In parallel, developmental specialists have researched treatment options in these high-risk children. The goal of this review is connect the main categories of poor outcomes (sensory and motor function, cognition, communication, behaviour) studied by neonatal intensive care follow-up specialists to the research focused on improving these outcomes. We summarise challenges in designing diagnostic and interventional approaches in infants <2 years of age and review the evidence for existing therapies and future treatments aimed at improving functionality.

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neonatology
  • Neurodisability
  • Neurodevelopment

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