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Decreasing incidence of retinopathy of prematurity requiring treatment
  1. Gemma Ginovart1,
  2. Sergio Verd2
  1. 2Department of Primary Care, Balearic Health Authority, Pediatric Unit, La Vileta Surgery, Health Sciences Research Institute (IUNICS), Palma de Mallorca, Balearic Islands, Spain
  2. 1Department of Paediatrics, Neonatal Unit, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona Free University (UAB), Barcelona, Spain
  1. Correspondence to Dr Sergio Verd, Balearic Health Authority, Department of Primary Care, Pediatric Unit, La Vileta Surgery, Health Sciences Research Institute (IUNICS), 07013 Palma de Mallorca, Spain; drsverd{at}gmail.com

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Clinical interventions to reduce the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) have been limited because postnatal risk factors associated with ROP are difficult to alter in clinical practice. Specifically, the ability to restrict oxygen administration to prevent ROP must be balanced with the need to provide sufficient supplemental oxygen to prevent death. Accordingly, the most recent Cochrane review1 shows that compared with a higher oxygen saturation target range, a lower target range significantly decreased the incidence of surgical ROP (relative risk 0.72) at the same that …

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